The United Kingdom is?turning to traditional?partners?like Canada for help as it prepares to withdraw from the European Union and?do something it hasn’t done?in decades: negotiate?its own trade deals.
A first-ever Commonwealth trade ministers meeting?next week in London?could?kick off negotiations to?bolster?the British economy once it leaves the privileged EU zone.
Trade collaboration across the Commonwealth has been “a dream from Thatcher onwards,” University of Cambridge trade law expert Lorand?Bartels?said ? and now a possible?alternative to the EU. ?
Could it be more than a dream?
If Canada wants to avoid losing its largest European trading partner, it could?soon find itself haggling across the table in?post-Brexit?talks.
International Trade Minister Fran?ois-Philippe Champagne?will attend the?inaugural meeting?of an expected?30 trade ministers March 9 and 10 in London. Business leaders will be there too.
The?Commonwealth has never focused on formal trade co-ordination. The British didn’t used to be keen.
But research prepared in 2015 when Malta hosted the heads of government meeting suggested that?shared language, values, institutions, and legal and regulatory systems make trade between Commonwealth countries?19 per cent cheaper for businesses.
The U.K. hosts next, in 2018. As its Conservative government prepares to leave?the EU, it’s?finding the Commonwealth more important than ever.
‘There’s no way’
Brexiteers?muse about the potential of free trade across the?Commonwealth.
Bartels calls the idea “insane” and “completely stupid.”
“There are too many countries ?with too many different interests,” he said. “There’s no way that you could possibly have a free trade agreement that would satisfy them all.
“There’s a reason why this hasn’t happened before.”
There are?plenty of other things to talk about, too. Just as the U.K.’s entry into the EU zone disadvantaged traditional trading partners, some will lose again when it leaves.
Take Caribbean countries, which export goods for intermediate processing in the U.K. before entering?the EU.
“They’re going to get totally screwed,” Bartels said. The U.K. is under pressure to get the EU to preserve this kind of access.?
Canada might hope to grandfather?as much of its newly ratified Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement?as possible so it still applies to a post-Brexit U.K.?The EU may not agree.
British need help
British Prime Minister Theresa May intends to serve?notice of the U.K.’s withdrawal from the EU?before the end of this month. Her government is scrambling to prepare,?and it knows it needs help.?
A headhunter is scouting for a?chief negotiator. The Guardian newspaper reported last month that the salary on offer is more than the prime minister gets paid. Other postings are up for more?trade lawyers, at?more modest salaries.
Last week, Greg Hands, the?minister responsible for?trade and investment, invited Commonwealth trade?negotiators?to spend time in the U.K. on secondment. A New Zealand expert is confirmed, with more help from Australia and Canada to follow, he said.
But Champagne’s office doesn’t make this sound imminent.?
“We have significant trade negotiations expertise that are in demand right now,?but nothing has been concluded in terms of secondment,” Joseph?Pickerill?wrote to CBC News.
There’s already a full plate in front of Champagne’s team, including critical renegotiations?on?the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA.)
Bringing home Brits?currently working in Brussels may?make more sense.?
“Canada doesn’t want to lose their top people and the British I don’t think would be able to fully trust?them,”?said?Bartels.
While the U.K. is unlikely to use foreign negotiators at the table, conflicts of interest could arise even when offering advice.
Torn between divorcing partners
Then there’s the fact that like Canada, Australia and New Zealand?are bound up in their own deal making?with the EU.
“I’m pretty sure the instructions in Brussels are: don’t talk to [the U.K.]?or it’s off?with us,”?Bartels?said.
Bilateral negotiations between the U.K. and?Canada would be?”premature”?before the terms of?Brexit?are determined, Champagne’s spokesperson?said.
Former trade minister?Chrystia Freeland?suggested?the same thing?late last year.
.@MalmstromEU: “First exit, then we start to discuss the next phase. We will not discuss the trade agreement in parallel.”
It has?not gone unnoticed that Canada isn’t putting all its eggs in one basket, said?Allie?Renison, head of Europe and trade policy for the U.K.’s Institute of Directors.
The British business leaders the IoD?represents?say by a margin of 5-1 that the U.K.’s negotiations with the EU are more important than negotiating other new deals.
“Canada has struck a balanced approach,” she said.
New forum for progress?
Beyond the U.K.,?Canada shares?trade ambitions?with other Commonwealth countries.
Five are fellow signatories to the Trans-Pacific Partnership ? Australia, Brunei, Malaysia, New Zealand and Singapore.
Champagne’s ministerial mandate letter also?talked about?deepening trade ties with India.
But what India may?want from Commonwealth talks is exactly what the U.K.’s current government may oppose: worker mobility.
Renison suggests some kind of commitment on worker visas or other voluntary standards may be more realistic outcomes from next week’s talks than a full-blown trade deal.?
Canada asked to both help and negotiate with UK amid 1st-ever Commonwealth trade talks – CBC.ca